FIR is a very common word, hearing about which people often get a little scared. What is FIR, What is the full form of FIR, But if you are a genuine person, you have not committed any mistake then you do not need to be afraid of FIR at all. You can get an FIR lodged without any worries. What is FIR, What is the full form of FIR.
Some crime or the other keeps happening everywhere, such incidents keep happening. Due to which many people have to face problems. So, in such a situation, there is a problem to solve it.
In such cases, FIR proves effective in redressing them. Because people do not listen to the words of an ordinary person. But they have to accept the words of a police.
So if you have had an accident, you have had a fight with someone. So instead of handling it yourself, file an FIR. So that the police can help you to solve that matter.
What is FIR, What is the full form of FIR
The full form of FIR is First Information Report, which in Hindi means “Primary Information Report”. FIRst information report means, first of all to report that information, incident, crime. So that the crime does not increase further and that matter can be dealt with through legal action.
FIR simply means that after the occurrence of any incident, first of all, file a report about it. Because if FIR is done in that case in time. So that matter can be dealt with in a legal way and at the earliest.
But it often happens that someone files an FIR only when the cases go out of bounds. But no matter it is late, but if something like this happens to you, then register an FIR. So that the matter does not escalate further.
FIR means such a document, which is noted by a person in the form of a complaint in the police station. By the way, there is a need to register an FIR in writing when the matter is serious.
Otherwise, for most of the cases, the matter is redressed through oral complaint i.e. FIR. But if you want, you can get written FIR registered for normal cases also.
But remember, if the complaint is made orally, we can call it an FIR. But that would be just a report.
Because in most cases, FIR copy is also required to process. And if you do FIR verbally. So you will not have any evidence that you had lodged the FIR.
Because FIR is called that document, which is recorded by the police in writing about that incident or crime. And the copy of this FIR can also be used in the further process. But you cannot get a written FIR registered in all types of cases.
Conditions for registering FIR
You may doubt that you can register an FIR anytime under any condition, but it is not so at all. You cannot get a written FIR registered in all cases. Rather, in some cases you may have to file an oral FIR.
Cognizable crimes means major crimes that are directly causing harm to someone, such as murder, rape, shooting, etc. If any cognizable offense has been committed, its written FIR will be registered. And if an FIR is registered against a person, then many restrictions are imposed on him.
Non-cognizable crimes are those crimes which are normal or minor crimes such as land dispute, common domestic dispute, minor assault etc. In this condition only oral FIR can be done, FIR will not be registered in writing.
And efforts will be made to solve the matter properly. But if FIR is not filed even after non-cognizable offence, then it can turn into cognizable offense as well.
Because small fights, small cases become very big very quickly, in just a moment, so it is obvious that if the matter has become cognizable then FIR will also be registered.
What happens after FIR is lodged
By the way, if someone files a non-cognizable FIR against you, then you will not have any problem in future. But if once there was a cognizable FIR against you. And if the FIR is registered in writing then some restrictions will apply to you.
As government jobs will be restricted for you, if you ever want to get a passport. So it is possible that because of your record your passport may not be issued.
And almost every work for which your documents are verified from your police station will be banned. So if your target is to get a government job. So you have to stay away from cognizable crimes otherwise your career can be ruined.
Then that FIR can be of any type. Yes of any type because FIR is not of one but of multiple types. And that too for different types of condition. So let’s know what are the types of FIRs. And in what condition which type of FIR can be lodged.
How many types of FIR are there
Regular or classic can be called anything, classic FIRs are those FIRs which we get registered at the police station of our block. Because there is a limit for all the police stations and within the limits within which crimes are committed, the police there handle that case.
Then whether it is any kind of crime, cognizable or non-cognizable, but suppose, you have gone out somewhere. And there an accident happens to you. So what will you do? Can you get help from other police stations, yes of course, there is a provision of zero FIR for that.
What is Zero FIR
There are two types of FIR, although almost always regular FIR is registered. But in some cases when we are out somewhere. And if any incident happens to us, then it is necessary that an FIR should be lodged without delay.
And yes, now in this case it is not necessary that you go to the police station on your own. Rather it is necessary that an FIR should be lodged in the nearest police station. Because there are chances of erasing the evidence due to delay, hence it is necessary. To register again in your nearest police station.
Then whether you are a resident of the jurisdiction of that police station or not. Then whether that crime is in the jurisdiction of that police station or not, it does not matter.
And the FIR registered in such a case is called zero FIR. Which is later referred to the police station of the jurisdiction.
The main objective of Zero FIR is that immediate action should be taken against the crime whether the area is under the jurisdiction of that police station or not.
What are the benefits of Zero FIR
If the crime/case is cognizable, then it is obvious that FIR will be registered. And the biggest advantage of zero FIR is that FIR can be lodged in the nearest police station. And the police will investigate that matter as soon as possible.
Because many times it happens that due to late filing of FIR, the evidence gets destroyed or destroyed. So if you are not in the area of your police station. So zero FIR can be lodged in the nearest police station. From which the police of that border area will collect the evidence of the case. And will also take appropriate steps if needed.
And will soon refer that case to the concerned police station.
How to register FIR
FIR can be lodged in many ways, as far as non-compoundable cases are concerned, you can call the police and report them. You can call at the spot, or if you want, you can file an FIR directly by going to the police station.
But in cognizable cases, action can be taken in multiple ways, and it depends on the crime how serious the crime is.
First of all, if you want, you can also call the police for action. So that action can be taken immediately and then FIR can also be lodged. Or you are not in this condition to go to the police station to get the FIR lodged. So you can also send any eyewitness of that case to register an FIR.
What to do if your FIR is not registered in the police station
People used to feel a lot of hesitation in going to the police station. Even if you are going to register an FIR against someone else, but you are also a little scared. But I want to tell you that if it is not your fault. So you don’t need to be afraid at all. Be sure you go to the police station and get the FIR lodged, whether it is oral or written.
Because the police will decide according to the condition of the crime, whether to file a written FIR or an oral one.
But if your FIR is not being registered, or no action is being taken after registering the report, then you can also complain to that police station.
You can complain in writing to the SP of the district that your FIR is not being registered. Or after registering the FIR, no action is being taken on it.
You can give in writing that in which police station you went to register the FIR. Or no action is being taken after the report is registered. Along with this, you also have to tell when you went to register the FIR.
Definitely after the order of sp they will have to register your FIR. And the investigation of the matter will also have to be done immediately, because no one would like to lose his job.
But it may not come to the fore because when anyone goes to file an oral or written FIR. So the police reaches as soon as possible to solve that matter. Very rarely it happens that you go to register an FIR, and your FIR is not registered.
Some important facts of FIR
In case of any criminal incident, it is necessary to register an FIR as soon as possible. The longer the delay, the more complicated the matter will become. And if you are late in filing a case report. So no matter what, you can still go to the police station without any hesitation and get the FIR registered. And if you are asked why did you delay in registering the FIR, then you can tell that reason. Because of which you delayed in registering the FIR.
The signature of the person who got the FIR registered on the FIR copy and that copy must be certified by the police station head. If you want, you can also ask for a copy of the FIR yourself. And they will also have to give you a copy of that FIR because this is the rule of FIR.
The same statement will be recorded in the FIR copy, which the person who got the FIR registered will say. The police cannot make any changes in it from their side. If the police makes any changes in that FIR by itself, then it will be illegal, you can stop it from doing so.
In some cases, the police can investigate without registering an FIR. Because FIR is not written in every type of incident. Like a non-cognizable crime, but if a cognizable crime has happened, then immediately its written FIR should be registered and action should be taken.
For registering an FIR, it is not necessary that only the victim of the crime should get the FIR registered. Rather any of his relative, friend, family member etc. can get an FIR registered in writing.
However, if any criminal incident has happened to any person. So any random person can also get an FIR lodged. But this probably happens very rarely. Because it can also be a bit long process, it depends on what type of crime has happened.
From this article you learned what is FIR and What is the full form of FIR. We hope this information will prove useful for you.